Jurisdiction - Japan
Reports and Analysis
Japan – New JCAA Rules: Comparison Of Key Asian Arbitral Institutions.

20 June, 2014

 

Legal News & Analysis – Asia Pacific – Japan – Dispute Resolution

 

Introduction


The Japan Commercial Arbitration Association (JCAA) published new Commercial Arbitration Rules earlier this year. The new JCAA Rules apply to all arbitrations commenced on or after 1 February 2014.


This note compares the new JCAA Rules to the latest rules of three other major institutions popular with parties in Asia: SIAC (the Singapore International Arbitration Centre), HKIAC (the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre), and the ICC (International Chamber of Commerce):


(a) SIAC Rules (5th edition, 1 April 2013);
(b) HKIAC Administered Arbitration Rules (2013); and
(c) ICC Arbitration Rules (2012).


The new JCAA Rules include a number of provisions intended to bring the Rules up-to-date with revisions to the rules of other institutions. It is hoped that the revised Rules will attract more parties to arbitrate in Japan.


Summary


This summary table highlights the extent to which the new JCAA Rules are in line with recent trends in international arbitration and the adoption of modern procedures by major institutions in Asia.


In particular, the new JCAA Rules now include provisions dealing with multi-party and/or multi-contract arbitrations, the appointment of emergency arbitrators in cases requiring urgent interim relief, and the use of expedited procedures in low value and/or limited complexity cases.

 

  JCAA SIAC HKIAC ICC
Emergency Arbitrator YES YES YES YES
Expedited Procedure YES YES YES NO 
Consolidation YES NO YES YES
Joinder YES YES YES YES

 

Distinguishing Features


While the above table demonstrates the broad uniformity across the rules of the major institutions on issues such as multi-party arbitration and the appointment of emergency arbitrators, there remain differences between the procedures of the main institutions. In particular, the distinguishing features of JCAA arbitration include:


(a) the option to use ‘med-arb’ procedures – i.e. mediation of a dispute subject to arbitration proceedings with the same person appointed as both mediator and arbitrator;
(b) no Terms of Reference stage (in contrast to the ICC Rules);
(c) no provision for scrutiny of draft awards (in contrast to the ICC Rules and the SIAC Rules); and
(d) a comparatively limited panel of arbitrators, which is considered by some in the Tokyo market to be relatively domestic and opaque in its constitution.


A detailed comparison and further commentary on the rules of each institution is set out below.

 

(Click to enlarge)

 

jcaachart1 

 

jcaachart2

 

jcaachart3 

 

jcaachart4 

 

jcaachart5 

 

jcaachart6 

 

jcaachart7 

 

jcaachart8

Hogan Lovells

 

For further information, please contact:

 

Patric McGonigal, Partner, Hoganl Lovells
patric.mcgonigal@hoganlovells.com

 

Rosy Villar, Hogan Lovells
rosemary.villar@hoganlovells.com


Hogan Lovells Resolution Practice Profile in Japan

Comments are closed.