27 January, 2015 (Date Pending.)

 

This section sets out various checklists and indicators for use by first responders when interviewing victims to make an assessment of victimhood. The purpose of the indicators is to outline markers that indicate a trafficking situation and the checklists aim to help the first responders ask the correct questions, to elicit the type of information that will allow them to make an informed assessment of victimhood.

 
Scenarios of forced labour (debt bondage etc…) and sexual exploitation are covered as well as the very particular situation of foreign domestic helpers bearing the burden of extortionate placement fees. Child trafficking indicators and a child trafficking assessment form are offered for the user’s reference.

 
Victims of human trafficking often suffer from various Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms that affect the way they come across during interview or their recollection of events. This section also offers some indicators of PTSD.

 
Checklist 1: Ascertaining Trafficking Scenario – Indicators

 
Recruitment

 

  • A third party arranged the travel and work documents.
  • The fees and/or interest rates charged by the recruiter(s) are excessive.
  • The individual is in debt and the family and/or loved ones back in the country of origin have guaranteed re-payment of the debts.
  • False, inaccurate or misleading information was provided by the recruiter or by the employer to the individual. This includes nature of the job, location or employer.
  • The individual was deceived about family reunification.
  • The individual was deceived through promises of marriage or adoption.

 
Personal Documents And Belongings

 

  • The person’s passport and/or other travel or identity documents were confiscated.
  • The person’s personal belongings were confiscated.
  • The person has a false identity, work and/or travel documents.
  • The person is prohibited from possessing and/or transferring earnings and savings.

 
Violence Or Threat Of Violence

 

  • The person faced psychological abuse (this includes verbal abuse).
  • The person shows fear or signs of depression.
  • The person faced physical abuse, including beatings and/or forced drug consumption (he/she has bruises or other signs of physical abuse).
  • Mandatory medical testing, pregnancy tests, forced abortion have been performed on the person/contraceptives were given by force.
  • Sexual abuse and/or harassment, including rape, forced abortion.
  • The person faced abuse of vulnerability, i.e. difficult family situation, illegal status, lack of education, language barrier, lack of information, psychological or emotional dependency, threat to inform family or community, forced into illicit/criminal activities, denunciation to authorities
  • The person faced threats of violence or abuse, including threats to others, for example family at home.

 

Working Conditions

 

  • The terms of the employment contract or verbal agreement are not respected by the employer or the person was forced to sign a new contract upon arrival in the receiving country.
  • The person is forced to perform tasks for which he/she was not recruited and/or which are not stipulated in the employment contract.
  • The person is working excessive or irregular hours.
  • The person is exposed to occupational risks which compromise his/her health and safety. The worker is not provided with protective gear or equipment.
  • The person is not provided with occupational health and safety information or training in his/her own language. The information provided is inadequate.
  • The person is not paid for the work done or the payment is delayed.
  • The person is underpaid compared to wages promised or to the national minimum wage, where applicable.
  • Significant deductions are made from the salary (i.e. to pay for placement fees or in the form of compulsory savings).
  • The person is denied benefits which he/she is entitled to (i.e. paid holiday, sick leave, maternity leave).

 
Living Conditions

 

  • The person pays an excessive amount of money for substandard accommodation.
  • The person has been deprived of food, water, sleep or medical care.
  • The person is denied the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion/expression.

 
Freedom Of Movement

 

  • The person is not allowed to move freely without permission and/or control.
  • The person is physically isolated, confined to his/her place of work or his/her location, or under surveillance.
  • The person is subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his/her right to privacy, family, home etc.

 

Checklist 2: Child Trafficking Indicators

 
Indicators:


The child in question:

 

  • is travelling without parents or relatives;
  • is travelling with an adult who is not a relative and who insists on staying with the child at all times;
  • has forged identity documents;
  • has a rehearsed story with significant unaccounted for gaps;
  • is not participating in normal schooling or has frequent unexplained absences;
  • is engaged in work that is not suitable for children;
  • is being seen in inappropriate places such as brothels or factories;
  • has little or no time for playing;
  • has no friends of his or her own age outside of work;
  • has valuables such as mobile phone, jewellery, money, that he/she cannot possibly account for;
  • is receiving repeated unexplained phone calls;
  • is giving the impression of being undernourished, tired, exhausted;
  • bears marks of physical violence or abuse; and
  • is seemingly living under unacceptable conditions.

 
Checklist 3: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Indicators

 
Those interviewing victims should be aware of the following post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms that commonly manifest themselves in victims of trafficking.

 
There are three main types of symptoms:

 
1. Re-Experiencing The Traumatic Event

 
The symptoms:

 

  • Avoiding reminders of the trauma
  • Increased anxiety and emotional arousal
  • Intrusive, upsetting memories of the event
  • Flashbacks (acting or feeling like the event is happening again)
  • Nightmares (either of the event or of other frightening things)
  • Feelings of intense distress when reminded of the trauma
  • Intense physical reactions to reminders of the event (e.g. pounding heart, rapid breathing, nausea, muscle tension, sweating)
  • Gaps in memory

 
2. Avoidance And Numbing

 
The symptoms:

 

  • Avoiding activities, places, thoughts, or feelings that remind you of the trauma
  • Inability to remember important aspects of the trauma
  • Loss of interest in activities and life in general
  • Feeling detached from others and emotionally numb
  • Sense of a limited future (you don’t expect to live a normal life span, get married, have a career)

 

3. Increased Anxiety And Emotional Arousal

 
The symptoms:

 

  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • Irritability or outbursts of anger
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Hyper-vigilance (on constant “red alert”)
  • Feeling jumpy and easily startled

 
Checklist 4: Interview Screening Questions – Gathering Information

 
Opening and Introduction

 

  • Introduction
  • Explain the individual’s current situation as you understand it

 
Providing Information

 

  • Explain the purpose of the interview
  • Explain the structure and the proceedings of the interview
  • Explain the role of an interpreter or cultural mediator if there is one

 
Gathering Information

 

  • Gather information about the different elements to the situation
  • Point out (possible signs of) trafficking

 
Taking Further Steps

 

  • Undertake and agree an assessment of needs and risks
  • Arrange shelter
  • Do what you can to ensure the individual’s safety
  • Arrange a short term permit to stay
  • Arrange aid and assistance
  • Arrange contact with local assistance service providers

 
Obtaining Corroborative Documents

 

  • Obtain corroborative documents from the individual if there is one
  • Follow-up with appropriate parties if the individual is not in possession of such documents

 
Closing

 

  • Come to an agreement about how you will stay in contact
  • Follow-up
  • Make clear and specific agreements on any other relevant matters

 

Checklist 5: List Of Guiding Questions

 
Recruitment And Entry Into The Country

 

  • How was contact initiated between the individual and his/her recruiter? (Personal contact/newspaper advertisement/radio advertisement/internet advertisement/ television advertisement/sold by family members/kidnapped/forced marriage/ forced adoption/other)
  • If the individual was abducted/forced/coerced to leave the place, how?
  • What kind of work did the individual believe he/she was going to be engaged in before leaving the place of origin? (Au Pair/baby sitter/agriculture/domestic/sweatshop labor/ selling/begging/other form of low-level criminal activities/dancer entertainer/sex worker/waitress/other/NA)
  • What was the individual told would be his/her salary following arrival at the final destination?
  • Was there some sort of work contract signed?
  • Was there any third party arranging their travel/documents/work? If yes, what was the relation based on? (professional agency/member of family/friend/member of community, etc.)
  • Did the individual pay any money to the recruiter in advance?
  • If any travel costs were incurred before departure, who paid them?
  • How did the individual get into this country? Did he/she cross the border at an official entry point? What was the individual’s immigration status upon arrival?
  • Did the individual use his/her own identity documents or were false identity documents provided?
  • Where are the identity documents now?

 
Working Conditions

 

  • What activity has the individual been engaged in since his/her arrival at the final destination?
  • How soon after arrival at the final destination did the activity begin?
  • Was the individual forced to engage in activity against his/her will? If yes, how?
  • Were any wages paid? How? How much?
  • Was the individual allowed to keep his/her earnings?
  • Did the individual have to pay a debt to recruiters/transporters/exploiters? If yes, how much?
  • Are there records or receipts of what is owed to the employer/recruiters?
  • What were the working conditions like? (working hours, health and safety, transport, supervision, etc.)
  • Can the individual leave his/her job or work situation if he/she wants to?
  • Were the individual’s rights to free time, paid holiday etc. respected?
  • Was the individual provided with adequate information on health and safety and training in his/her own language?

 
Living Conditions

 

  • What type of accommodation was provided, if any? Housing conditions (heating, running water, etc.)
  • Does the individual have to pay an excessive amount for his/her accommodation?
  • Was the individual’s freedom of movement restricted? Any locks and chains?
  • Was the individual ever allowed to leave the place he/she was living? Under what conditions?
  • How was movement in public places handled (car, van, bus, subway, etc.)?Who supervised the movement in public places?
  • Has the individual ever been deprived of food, water, sleep or medical care?
  • How was the purchase of private goods and services handled (medicines, prescriptions, etc.)?
  • Was the person allowed to have social contacts? If yes, was the individual’s communication ever restricted or monitored?

 
Threats And Coercion

 

  • Was the individual ever threatened with harm if he/she tried to leave?
  • Was the individual ever physically abused (shoved, slapped, hit, kicked, scratched, punched, burned, etc.) by anyone?
  • Were there any objects or weapons used in the physical abuse?
  • Was the individual ever sexually abused (sexual assault/unwanted touching, rape, sexual exploitation, etc.) by anyone?
  • Did anyone ever force the individual to do something physically or sexually that he/ she did not feel comfortable doing? (undergo any medical tests, pregnancy tests or abortions, etc.)
  • Did anyone ever introduce the individual to drugs or medications? Was any contraceptives given by force?
  • Did the individual ever witness any threats, physical abuse or sexual abuse against another individual if he/she tried to leave?
  • Has the individual’s family been threatened?
  • Does the individual know about any other person’s family being threatened?
  • Was knowledge of this abuse ever communicated to a person outside this situation (police reports, domestic violence reports, hospital records, social service records, etc.)?

 
Current Situation

 

  • Was the individual able to leave the situation?
  • If the individual was able to leave, how did that happen?
  • Were social workers, any law enforcement agencies, advice centers or other institutions involved?
  • Was a friend or a community member involved? Does the individual maintain social
  • contacts with other workers/community members etc.?
  • If the individual is still in the situation, does he/she want to leave? If yes, what prevents
  • him/her from doing so? If not, what makes him/her stay?
  • Has the individual received any help so far?
  • Who provided the help to the individual? What kind of help was it?
  • What help does the individual need now? (shelter, clothing, money, etc.)
  • Does the individual want to return home? If yes, why? If no, why not?
  • If the individual stays in the destination country, what does the individual think will
  • happen?
  • What are the immediate risks faced by the individual, and/or his/her family?
  • What are the long-term risks faced by the individual, and/or his/her family?
  • Is the individual willing to help with law enforcement? If so, how?

 

Corroborative Documents

 

  • Police or immigration reports
  • Any documentation or travel tickets
  • Immigration departure or landing cards
  • Medical reports in relation to abuse suffered during the trafficking process
  • Copies of bogus employment contract or copies of original advertisement

 

Checklist 6: Checklist For Use In FDH Cases Involving Employment Agency Fees

 

Home Country

 
Name of agency in home country:
Address of agency in home country:
Name of person you dealt with at the agency:

 
How much money were you told you have to pay the agency in your home country in total?

How much money have you paid the agency in your home country so far?

 
What were you told the payment was for?

 
If you know the amounts for specific items, please write these below:

Photo:___
T-shirt/jacket:___
Video:___
Medical(s):___
Internet:___
Pregnancy test(s):___
Processing fees:___
Trainings:___
Air fare:___
Food:___
Placement fee:___
Lodging:___
Other (please state):

 
Were you referred by the agency in your home country to a lending company?

 
Yes [ ] No [ ]

 
If Yes, what is the name of the lending company?

What was the amount of the loan?

Did you receive cash/cheque from the lending company?

Yes [ ] If Yes, how much? ________
No [ ]
Loan repayment instalment amount:

How many instalments do you have to pay?

How much of the loan have you paid back so far?:

Did you sign any post dated or blank cheques?

Yes [ ] No [ ]

If Yes, how many cheques did you sign?:
Hong Kong

 
Name of agency in Hong Kong:
Address of agency in Hong Kong:
Name of person you dealt with at the agency:

 
How much money were you told you have to pay the agency in Hong Kong in total?

How much money have you paid the agency in Hong Kong so far?

 
What were you told the payment was for?
If you know the amounts for specific items,
please write these below:
Photo:___
T-shirt/jacket:___
Video:___
Medical(s):___
Internet:___
Pregnancy test(s):___
Processing fees:___
Trainings:___
Air fare:___
Food:___
Placement fee:___
Lodging:___
Other (please state):

 
Were you referred by the Hong Kong agency to a lending company?
Yes [ ] No [ ]

If Yes, what is the name of the Hong Kong lending company?

What was the amount of the loan?

 
Did you receive cash/cheque from the lending company?
Yes [ ] If Yes, how much? ________
No [ ]
Loan repayment instalment amount:
How many instalments do you have to pay?:
How much of the loan have you paid back so far?:

 

Checklist 7: Child Trafficking Assessment Form

 
Details Of The Child

 
1. Surname
2. Given Name
3. Date of Birth/Age
4. Place of Birth
5. Ethnicity
6. Nationality
7. Language
8. Religion
9. Detail the relationship of the accompanying person to the child – are they an agent/young person/legal representative?
10. Mobile Phone Number
11. Home Phone Number
12. Current Address
13. Previous Address(es)
14. Date of arrival in Hong Kong
15. Date of departure from country of origin

 
Details Of The Accompanying Person

 
Details of the accompanying person claiming to be the guardian/care taker/relative of the child:
1. Surname
2. Given Name
3. Date of Birth/Age
4. Place of Birth
5. Ethnicity
6. Nationality
7. Language
8. Religion
9. Detail the relationship of the accompanying person to the child – are they an agent/young person/legal representative?
10. Contact Number
11. Current Address
12. Previous Address(es)
13. Date of arrival in Hong Kong
14. Date of departure from country of origin

 
Education

 
1. History of education (In the child’s country as well as in Hong Kong)
2. Is the child currently attending school? Yes [ ] No [ ]
If Yes, Name of the school
Address of the school teacher’s name
If No, why not:

 

Income And Employment

 
Consider Possible Exploitation Or Any Intent To Exploit The Child. Explore The Following:

 
Working conditions/hours/transport/free use of earnings/any deductions from salaries to repay debts/family dependent on earnings/sending money home/knowledge of any others in similar situations/expectations on the child to do things.

 
1. Does the child receive money? (e.g. amount, for what purpose, from whom, how often, what is the money used for)
2. Is the child required to earn a minimum amount each day?
3. Previous Employment/Conditions
4. Current Employment/Conditions/Work Permit
5. Does the child have a choice if he/she works?
6. How does the child perceive work and expectations/responsibilities to provide for himself/herself or others? (Consider the child’s pre-trafficking profile – childhood experiences, family’s financial circumstances and cultural and familial values towards work)

 
Family

 
Details of the relationships between adults, siblings, extended family and the child may be useful when cross referencing with other trafficked children assessments and family relationships with suspected traffickers.

 
1. Family composition. Detail background and any concerns about the family of origin. Explore the details of the extended family. Be aware that traffickers often pose as extended family.
2. Does the child have any contact with the family?

  • Detail the current whereabouts of family in Hong Kong or abroad.
  • Is the family aware and in agreement with the child’s current circumstances and care-arrangements?

3. Financial Circumstances of family. Give consideration to the fact that the child or family may be in debt for the cost of travel/job placement, families may also have paid an agent to take their children to a ‘better life’. Less commonly children may be sold.
4. Circumstances or reasons why the child left their family.

 
Relationships

 
Be mindful that if a child has been trafficked, he/she is likely to have been coached by the trafficker on what to say including the nature of the child’s relationship with the trafficker and what activities he/she has been involved with.

 
1. What is the relationship between the child and the person he/she is staying with or accompanied by? Is this a private fostering arrangement?
2. How and when did they meet? (In the country of origin/en route/in Hong Kong)
3. What does the child know about this person? Include any additional information known about this person(s). (Establish how well the child knows this person, what work/activities this person does, whether the child had prior knowledge of this person before meeting them).
4. What is the quality of the relationship between the person and the child? (How does the child behave in relation to this person(s))
5. Does the child have any relatives or friends in Hong Kong? (Highlight where there are any other relationships where there is concern for the child).

6. Does the child feel confident asking someone for help if needed? (Aim: to assess quality of relationship with the accompanying person)
7. Who would the child like to live with in Hong Kong? (Be mindful that a trafficker may have coached and put pressure on the child about where they should live). If not within the current arrangements, explore the reasons why. (record the name and address of the person the child wishes to live with).

 
Recent Travel History

 
A trafficked child is unlikely to disclose clear and accurate information about his/her journey. In many cases the child will have been warned not to disclose particular information to protect agents and traffickers. Some journeys will involve complicated routes and many changes involving varied methods and travel such as lorries, walking, cars and planes. Children may also be passed between agents and traffickers en route.

 
Points to Note:

 

  • Trafficking may occur at any stage throughout the child’s journey to or within Hong Kong; it is not limited to the child’s final destination.
  • Children who have been trafficked into Hong Kong can be further trafficked internally within Hong Kong or to Macau or China.
  • Hong Kong nationals are also vulnerable to internal trafficking and may also be trafficked out of Hong Kong.
  • A child may be trafficked into Hong Kong through legitimate routes using passports and travel visas – though documentation can be fraudulent.
  • A child may also be smuggled through covert routes into or within Hong Kong and or may have no identification documentation.
  • A child who has been trafficked may arrive in Hong Kong alone or accompanied by an adult and/or other children. Some children will have had multiple experiences of trafficking. Children who have been trafficked before are at risk of being re-trafficked.

 
1. What is the reason for leaving the country/place of origin?
2. When did the journey commence?
3. Who did the child leave or travel with?
4. What was the relationship with this person?
5. Did the child know him/her? Yes / No
6. By what means of transport did they travel?
7. What was the route and length of the journey and were there any stopovers?
8. How was the child and any other children treated during the journey?
9. Did the child, family or any other party pay for the journey?
10. Did the child, family or any other party owe anything for the journey?
11. Who had control of the child’s travel documentation/passport during the journey?
12. Upon arrival in Hong Kong, did the child pass through immigration control? Or did the child enter Hong Kong illegally?
13. Was the child able to confirm name or address of the person meeting him/her upon arrival?
14. Does the child have any on-going contact with the person who facilitated his/her travel into/within Hong Kong?
15. Upon arrival in Hong Kong, who took responsibility for the child and where did the child sleep?

16. Has the child lived at multiple addresses? With whom? (List all previous and current addresses)
17. Is the child unable or reluctant to disclose personal details or information related to accommodation?
18. Is the child currently in possession of his/her own identification documents and/or passport?
19. Is the child in possession of false documentation or genuine documentation that has been altered or fraudulently obtained? (e.g. his/her personal details such as name and DOB on the documentation are incorrect).

 
Current Circumstances

 
This section may provide an insight about possible types of exploitation for which the child may have been trafficked. Look for indications in the child’s daily life that demonstrate restrictions of the child’s independence and control mechanisms by another person. An assessment of independence will of course need to take into account the cultural norms in which the child has grown up.

 
Current Accommodation

 
1. What type of accommodation was provided, if any?
2. What are the conditions of accommodation e.g. heating, running water, furnishings
and cleanliness?
3. Do any other children/adults/family members or visitors live at this accommodation?
(nature/history of relationship)
4. What are the current sleeping arrangements? (Including are they locked in at night?)
5. Does the child have freedom of choice about where he/she chooses to live?
6. Does the child have to pay/do favours for the accommodation?
7. Does the child have control over his/her privacy and possessions?

 
Daily Living Routine

 
1. Describe the current routine e.g. sleep patterns, self-care, and meal times – do they have sufficient food?
2. What activities did the child do at home in his/her country of origin and what does the child do now? Is the child spending time alone?
3. Who does the household chores e.g. cleaning, grocery shopping and cooking?
4. Is the child involved in any criminal activities (e.g. recovered from cannabis farm/factory, street crime, petty theft, pick pocketing, begging etc.)?
5. Is the child deprived of his/her earnings by another person?
6. Is the child familiar with local services such as shops and parks? Can the child identify places he/she has been ?
7. Does the child work in various locations?
8. Does the child make use of the internet to form online relationships, particularly with adults?
9. Is the child involved in social activities with no plausible explanation of the source of necessary funding?

 

Freedom Of Movement

 
1. How did the child travel to the place of assessment?
2. Is the child’s freedom of movement restricted? (e.g. does the child have a curfew? is the child limited in which places he/she can go to? Is the child allowed to go out alone or with friends?)
3. Is the child able to have social contacts and friends?
4. Does the child have free access to his/her accommodation (do they have keys)?
5. Does the child have a mobile phone? (Who can the child contact and who contacts the child, who purchased the phone and who pays the bills?)

 
Physical Health

 
1. What was the child’s physical presentation? (If seen on more than one occasion note whether the child has more than one set of clothing.)
2. Has the child ever taken medication?
3. Has the child had any sexual experiences? (Give consideration to contraception, abortion, STI’s and sexual violence in the context of exploitation.)
4. Is the child currently experiencing any pain, injuries or any concerns regarding his/her health? (Give consideration to any abuse.)
5. Are there physical indications of the child having been working (being overly tired at school or indications of manual labour – condition of hands/skin, backaches etc)?
6. Are there any indications of substance dependency/misuse and drugging)?
7. Are there any indications of post-traumatic stress e.g. irregular sleep patterns, nightmares, flashbacks etc.?

 
Emotional Health

 
1. Does the child harbor excessive fears/anxieties (e.g. about an individual, of deportation, disclosing information etc.)?
2. Is the child withdrawn or refuses to talk/appears afraid to talk to a person in authority?
3. Does the child show signs of physical neglect – basic care, malnourishment, lack of attention to health needs?
4. Does the child show signs of emotional neglect?
5. Is the child socially isolated? is there a lack of positive, meaningful relationships in the child’s life?
6. Does the child suffer from poor concentration or memory, irritable/unsociable/ aggressive behavior?
7. Are there indications of trauma or numbing?
8. Does the child exhibit self-assurance, maturity and self-confidence not expected in a child of such age?

 
Abuse

 
1. Are there any indications that the child has suffered/or is suffering any form of abuse? If so how does the child perceive this abuse? (Consider the history of abuse, relationship with trafficker/s and trafficking experience. The child may have distorted views of the abuse and may not view the trafficker as an abuser).
2. Was the child recovered from a place of exploitation (brothel, cannabis farm)? Was the child involved in any criminal activities?
3. Did the child go missing and has subsequently been found in areas where he/she has no known links?

 

Safety

 
The aim of this section is to identify whether the child is currently or potentially at risk of harm, and to assess the child’s capacity to ensure his/her own safety.

 
1. Has the child gone missing and have there been multiple missing periods? What were the circumstances of the disappearances and are there any emerging patterns?
2. Does the child receive frequent, unexplained and unidentified phone calls whilst in placement or temporary care?
3. Has the child been involved in any criminal activity? Are there any indications of forced involvement or exploitation?
4. Has the child been seen at places known to be used for sexual exploitation?
5. If the child were injured or ill, what would he/she do?
6. Is the child ever left at places of accommodation on his/her own?
7. Is the child concerned about the safety of his/her family/other children in his/her home country?
8. Does the child claim to be in debt bondage or “owe” money to other persons (e.g. for travel costs, before having control over own earnings)?
9. Does the child enter or leave vehicles driven by unknown adults?
10. Are there adults loitering outside the child’s usual place of accommodation?
11. Does the child leave home/care setting in clothing unusual for the individual child (e.g. inappropriate for his/her age)?

 

Sources

 

  • Anti-Slavery International, Protocol for Identification and Assistance to Trafficked Persons and Training Kit, 2005. http://www.antislavery.org/includes/documents/cm_docs/2009/p/protocoltraffickedpersonskit2005.pdf
  • Helper for Domestic Helpers, Client Intake Form, 2013
  • International Labour Organization (ILO), Operational Indicators of Trafficking in Human Beings, 2009. http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_norm/—declaration/documents/publication/wcms_105023.pdf
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM), The IOM Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking, 2007. http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/shared/mainsite/published_docs/books/CT handbook.pdf
  • London Safeguarding Children Board, Trafficking Assessment, February 2011. http://www.londonscb.gov.uk/trafficking/
  • Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm
  • UK Government, Human Trafficking Victims Referral and Assessment Form, 2010. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/human-trafficking-victims-referral-andassessment-forms
  • US Department of Health and Human Services, Screening Tool for Victims of Human Trafficking, 2013. http://www.justice.gov/usao/ian/htrt/health_screen_questions.pdf
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC), Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2006. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/2008/electronictoolkit/electronic-toolkit-chapter-6-victim-identification.html

 

Table of Contents:

 

1. Definitions And Characteristics

2. Issues Surrounding Identification Of Victims Of Trafficking

3. Government Response To Human Trafficking

4. Actors Involved In The Identification Process And Their Likely Encounters With Victims

5. Identification Protocols And Questionnaires

6. Child Trafficking

7. Support Services, Victim’s Charter Of Rights

8. Recommendations

9. Annex 1: Generic Exploitation Profiles

10. Annex 2: Training Kit

 

libertyasialogo

 

 

For further information, please contact:


Archana Sinha Kotecha, Liberty Asia

archanakotecha@libertyasia.org

Comments are closed.